Talking to Rudolf Hess
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Despite being the largest party, they were unable on both occasions to forge a coalition with another party which would result in a majority. If they had been able to do this, Hitler would have become a parliamentary chancellor, but that is not what happened. Had it occurred, then it would be proper to state the causality between their electoral success in July and Hitler becoming Cancellor. With no parliamentary majority possible, Hindenburg would as he had done for some time appoint a presidential chancellor, but he was utterly opposed to Hitler being that chancellor, especially considering that Hitler had just run against him for President.
At one point Hindenburg offered the vice-chancellorship, but Hitler turned this down. It took back room dealings, conspiracy, and the bribing of Hindenburg, all orchestrated by former Chancellor von Papen and other conservative nationalists, for Hitler to finally be appointed, grudgingly, by Hindenburg. It is those negotiations and horse-trading that lead directly to Hitler's appointment, not the Nazi Party's gains in the election.
Adding language which implies a direct connection between the two events is deceptive to the reader, unless the entire circumstance is spelled out, but that is not the subject of this article. I believe that the aspect ratio of the infobox image in this article is such that presented at the infobox's default value it is too large, the visual equivalent of SHOUTING. I suggest that the current size is more appropriate.
DNA tests prove Hess not replaced in prison. Since the conspiracy theory that sparked it isnt mentioned in the article, there is probably not many places to include it. Generally not that many conspiracy theories actually result in being scientifically investigated to the extent of conducting DNA tests to prove them incorrect Only in death does duty end talk , 23 January UTC.
It had some very notable and important believers. Historic even. Our article fails to mention any of this. This is notable enough for a mention. See WAPO for a mainstream news source. It shouldn't be more than a few sentences, though. Zero talk , 27 January UTC. There is a repeating naming error in the article. Maybe it is easier to see it like that I was merely giving a hint including reasoning what translation would reflect history and what seems to be a misconception.
I don't think the consensus of sources is clear on this. If there is a source that discusses the issue, that may help. Zero talk , 13 June UTC. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Rudolf Hess has been listed as one of the Warfare good articles under the good article criteria. If you can improve it further, please do so.
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Talking to Rudolf Hess
If you would like to participate, please visit the project page, where you can join the project and see a list of open tasks. To use this banner, please see the full instructions. This article has been rated as GA-Class on the quality assessment scale. Additional information At a Boulton Paul Defiant sent from No. He injured his foot, either while exiting the aircraft or when he hit the ground. Before his departure from Germany, Hess had given his adjutant, Karlheinz Pintsch , a letter addressed to Hitler that detailed his intentions to open peace negotiations with the British.
Hitler worried that his allies, Italy and Japan, would perceive Hess's act as an attempt by Hitler to secretly open peace negotiations with the British. Hitler contacted Mussolini specifically to reassure him otherwise.
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Subsequent German newspaper reports described Hess as "deluded, deranged", indicating that his mental health had been affected by injuries sustained during World War I. Hitler stripped Hess of all of his party and state offices, and secretly ordered him shot on sight if he ever returned to Germany. The campaign was part of a propaganda effort by Goebbels and others to denigrate Hess and to make scapegoats of occult practitioners.
American journalist Hubert Renfro Knickerbocker , who had met both Hitler and Hess, speculated that Hitler had sent Hess to deliver a message informing Winston Churchill of the forthcoming invasion of the Soviet Union, and offering a negotiated peace or even an anti-Bolshevik partnership. Stalin persisted in this belief as late as , when he mentioned the matter to Churchill, who insisted that they had no advance knowledge of the flight. After the war, Albert Speer discussed the rationale for the flight with Hess, who told him that "the idea had been inspired in him in a dream by supernatural forces.
We will guarantee England her empire; in return she will give us a free hand in Europe. Hitler had great respect for the English people Hess landed at Floors Farm, Eaglesham , south of Glasgow, where he was discovered still struggling with his parachute by local ploughman David McLean. McLean helped Hess to his nearby cottage and contacted the local Home Guard unit, who escorted the captive to their headquarters in Busby, East Renfrewshire. He was next taken to the police station at Giffnock , arriving after midnight; he was searched and his possessions confiscated. Hess repeatedly requested to meet with the Duke of Hamilton during questioning undertaken with the aid of an interpreter by Major Graham Donald, the area commandant of Royal Observer Corps.
After the interview Hess was taken under guard to Maryhill Barracks in Glasgow , where his injuries were treated. By this time some of his captors suspected Hess's true identity, though he continued to insist his name was Horn. Hamilton had been on duty as wing commander at RAF Turnhouse near Edinburgh when Hess had arrived, and his station had been one of those that had tracked the progress of the flight.
He arrived at Maryhill Barracks the next morning, and after examining Hess's effects, he met alone with the prisoner. Hess immediately admitted his true identity and outlined the reason for his flight.
Rudolf Hess Hitlers Deputy
Hamilton told Hess that he hoped to continue the conversation with the aid of an interpreter; Hess could speak English well, but was having trouble understanding Hamilton. After the meeting, Hamilton examined the remains of the Messerschmitt in the company of an intelligence officer, then returned to Turnhouse, where he made arrangements through the Foreign Office to meet Churchill, who was at Ditchley for the weekend.
They had some preliminary talks that night, and Hamilton accompanied Churchill back to London the next day, where they both met with members of the War Cabinet. Churchill sent Hamilton with foreign affairs expert Ivone Kirkpatrick , who had met Hess previously, to positively identify the prisoner, who had been moved to Buchanan Castle overnight. Kirkpatrick held two more meetings with Hess over the course of the next few days, while Hamilton returned to his duties.
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In addition to being disappointed at the apparent failure of his mission, Hess began claiming that his medical treatment was inadequate and that there was a plot afoot to poison him. Hess's flight, but not his destination or fate, was first announced by Munich Radio in Germany on the evening of 12 May. On 13 May Hitler sent Foreign Minister Joachim von Ribbentrop to give the news in person to Mussolini, and the British press was permitted to release full information about events that same day. On 14 May Ilse Hess finally learned that her husband had survived the trip when news of his fate was broadcast on German radio.
Two sections of the fuselage of the aircraft were initially hidden by David McLean and later retrieved. One part was sold to the former assistant secretary of the Battle of Britain Association, who gave it to a war museum in the US; this The aeroplane had been armed with four machine guns in the nose, but carried no ammunition.
From Buchanan Castle, Hess was transferred briefly to the Tower of London and then to Mytchett Place in Surrey , a fortified mansion, designated "Camp Z", where he stayed for the next 13 months. Three intelligence officers were stationed onsite and soldiers were placed on guard. By early June, Hess was allowed to write to his family.
He also prepared a letter to the Duke of Hamilton, but it was never delivered, and his repeated requests for further meetings were turned down. Dicks and Dr John Rawlings Rees , psychiatrists who treated Hess during this period, noted that while he was not insane, he was mentally unstable, with tendencies toward hypochondria and paranoia. Lord Simon noted that the prisoner's mental state was not good; Hess claimed he was being poisoned and was being prevented from sleeping. In the early morning hours of 16 June , Hess rushed his guards and attempted suicide by jumping over the railing of the staircase at Mytchett Place.
He fell onto the stone floor below, fracturing the femur of his left leg.
The injury required that the leg be kept in traction for 12 weeks, with a further six weeks bed rest before he was permitted to walk with crutches. Captain Munro Johnson of the Royal Army Medical Corps , who assessed Hess, noted that another suicide attempt was likely to occur in the near future. Hess began around this time to complain of amnesia. This symptom and some of his increasingly erratic behaviour may have in part been a ruse, because if he were declared mentally ill, he could be repatriated under the terms of the Geneva Conventions. Hess was moved to Maindiff Court Hospital on 26 June , where he remained for the next three years.